Friday, 29 April 2016

Human fossilized jawbone puts man in America not thousands but possibly millions of years earlier than thought.

More finds from The Fisher Site in Virginia, I have identified this as a piece of human mandible (jaw bone) a full set of lower front teeth are visible and the molars on the left side, it was found alongside carved stone pieces and other possible human remains beneath a layer of volcanic ash, the last volcano known to of erupted in Virginia has been dated to 35 million years ago. In Keith Fisher's own words, a brief description of his find site: 

'I have only been in a very small fraction of the permitted area. Two small areas, within 20 feet from each other. Everything that I have found is within the 20 ft. mark. Tephra has coated everything below the iron ore and sediment. Roughly 60 ' above sea level. All artifacts and ancient remains are found together. It is very difficult to know what you have found because it is hidden below the tephra surface. The jaw and teeth that is in question, has been in my possession for over a year. It took me countless inspections of this object before I could recognize what it may have been.  It takes time. 6 to 12 inches below the steam level there is a bright blue vein of fine material that contains all. I believe that the volcanic eruption ties everything together.'

Above: Note the mental foraman, the small pit in roughly the center of the photo.

Above: From left to right, the left side canine tooth, four incisors, the right canine tooth and two premolars.

It takes at minimum roughly 10,000 years for bone to become petrified but that requires special circumstances and I am unaware of any such fossilized human remains found in America , The mandible has completely turned to stone, such petrified Human remains are extremely rare anywhere on any continent.  The most striking feature of the specimen is the protruding chin, Humans and elephants are the only species to carry such a feature,  The teeth placement and alignment match the configuration of humans. The mental foramen (small hole in the front lower jaw matches human placement and parameters.

The above photo is used under Creative Commons from this scientific paper in the following link: Morpholoical and Morpometric Study of the Mental Foramen on the M-CP-18 Jiachenjiang Point

 The mandible was found alongside figurative artworks, carved stones using the same paleo language as human made artifacts from my own Site here in the UK. Many of the carved stones found in association with the human jawbone appear to show long extinct creatures such as dinosaurs, and interestingly elephants, not mammoths or mastodons as large ear shapes are present in the carved rock images, I have displayed many such elephant like carvings on this blog before to demonstrate a repeat topology in my worked flint tool finds. More finds of Keith Fisher's are detailed in these two earlier posts of mine, 35 Million Year Old Unique Lithic's and Indian Tools, Elephant, Bear And Dinosaur Likenesses 

I have long been a proponent of an ancient date for portable rock art finds, others in the field often describe ape like images as being attempts at carvings of humans, Ignoring what they see in an attempt to link such images to ice age cultures, the same goes for there mammoth interpretations often ignoring the color of the find and and large ear shapes present. North America until very recently had no fossil record of apes or monkeys, but recent finds suggest otherwise, check the following link here .  

Keith has many more finds that he suspect's to be human bone fragments, mostly teeth, all from his find site and also many figure stone pieces. More post's to come from the Fisher Site in the near future. 

Wednesday, 13 April 2016

Indian tools, Elephant, Bear and Dinosaur Likeness's form Keith Fisher, Virginia.

Amateur archaeologist Keith Fisher has in my opinion the best portable rock art to come out of America, his finds are  numerous, more detailed, show clear working marks and far less ambiguous. It could be that the tephra (volcanic ash) coating on many of his finds has helped preserve them from ice age melt water and such like, making his finds very unique in many ways. As discussed previously tephra can be scientifically attributed and dated and with far more scope and accuracy than radio carbon dating techniques. This gives a unique opportunity for dating, stay tuned as we have already put this into action.
Above, a right facing bear head profile likeness can be seen, complete with hair, eye, ear, nostrils, mouth and teeth. If the nostril is perceived as an eye, an unknown and bizarre creature likeness can also be seen. 
Above, the ever popular elephant and front leg motif can be seen, complete with eye, trunk, head, wrinkles, and front leg. The impression faces left on the right side of the stone, slightly inclined. With some squinting of eyes and a little imagination another elephant likeness can also be seen this time in full profile facing right, as if it is pushing down the trunk of a tree. (something I have seen before).
Above, when the elephant motif is turned upside down a dinosaur like impression can be seen, this convention has already been noted by myself in my own finds. Note the suspected crude vulva motif, bottom left, also not at all uncommon in my own finds. 
Portable Rock Art
Above, an unknown face profile impression looking left, eye, nostril, mouth and teeth can be seen. Not unlike the face profile of a dinosaur.
Above, many incised lines cover this piece, the cross-hatching to the left looks as though it occurred at a much later date than the other incisions rightward, due to a lighter shade of patina.
Native Indian Stone Tools
Above, A small selection of Keith Fishers flint tool finds, mostly projectile points, likely spear tips and atlatl tips. These are usually attributed to native American Indian cultures.
Above, more of Keith Fishers amazing artifact collection. This should give confidence to readers of my blog that Keith knows how to recognize worked stone artifacts.

Wednesday, 30 March 2016

Cutting Edge Paleolithic Tool Set

These eight white flint tools are all from my find site. The site produces every kind of flint tool, adze, awls, scrapers, axes, knifes, burin's and bill hooks, with the exception of arrow heads. I usually post the most figurative examples, but these show less iconography than my usual prehistoric lithic implement posts.

The two photos below are from the same flint scraper.
Above, an ape like face profile can be seen looking right, and also a horse head profile also faces right.
Above the reverse side has a subtle human like face profile facing left.

The next four pictures show an adze, but it also makes a good awl and blade tool

Above, a familiar looking face profile can be seen on the right, looking left, probably that of a hominid. 

Above, notice the re-touch along the bottom edge, making some nice serrations.

Above, three more prehistoric blade tools each one also carries likely figurative content.

The next three pictures are of a serrated knife, it shows signs of hafting.

The next two pictures also show a prehistoric serrated blade tool, this could also be used as an awl.

These two pictures show an axe like tool, although its a little small for chopping trees. flake removal scars suggest an attempt at creating iconography but as for the figurative depictions, I am unsure.

Friday, 18 March 2016

35 Million year old Unique Lithic's from Virginia.

Recently, amateur archaeologist Keith Fisher from Virginia contacted me asking for help concerning some very unusual finds of his. The artifacts, when found, are encased in volcanic ash (tephra) and recovered from stratified layers in situ from beneath a layer of high iron oxide content, iron oxide is often associated with prehistoric occupation, but in this case it is more likely more evidence of the associated volcanic eruption, see excerpts from a paper by Half Zantop.... here

So I set about investigating these liths, to see what I could find out, in a nutshell these artifacts are most probably 35 Million years old plus, and that preliminary dating can be scientifically confirmed.

As any budding geologist or volcanologist would know, tephra (volcanic ash), can be associated with a particular volcanic eruption due to its unique element content and there quantities. Argon dating techniques can be used on obsidian to determine the age of an eruption, in layman's terms, when a volcano erupts, potassium isotopes are created, these decay over time into argon, the amount of argon relative to the associated potassium can be measured and the age determined by the known half-life of potassium-40 (1.25 billion years).

It was thought that the last volcanic eruptions on the east coast of The USA were somewhere around 200 million years ago, until quite recently Professor Elisabeth Johnson discovered two extinct volcanoes, Mole hill and Trimble Knob, Virginia, these last erupted 47 and 35 million years ago, respectively.(news article here)

I did a little research and asked for help from Dr Chris Hayward of Edinburgh University, Dr Hayward runs the micro-analytical facility specialising in the analysis of tephras. After describing the depth of the tephra at the site, Dr Hayward said 'A 20 cm layer sounds very proximal', in other words the volcano is very likely close by.

Keith commented to me via email. 'And as you said, there are many different symbols. The most prevalent in all of them are elephants, dinosaurs, snakes and always have an "eye" present.' Over the coming months I will be showing more of Keith's amazing finds.

Above, one of the finds with the tephra removed. A hominid face profile likeness can be seen facing right, the face profile is similar to many I have found, (here and here).

Above, a head profile likeness can be seen facing left. 

Above, another one of Keiths finds, partially tephra coated.

This is a a copy of the Element composition Lab report taken from the outer coating of the finds, conducted by LTI under Kieth Fishers instruction.

Thursday, 17 March 2016

Standing Cloaked Figure likeness in worked flint from my site.

Another one of my finds showing possible clothing, this time a complete figure can be seen from many angles, mostly from behind. An ocher etched face in the correct location/orientation can also bee seen, but leeching has caused the details to become fuzzy.

Above, more evidence of prehistoric clothing, in what appears to be an image of an out stretched arm wearing a similar type of garment. An eye like feature can also bee seen just above the bend in the 'arm'.

Above, A cloaked face and sleeve can be seen, with hand raised to a face. This image is from the stone shown in this post Bird Effigy Stone and more.

Above, A bearded and cloaked face can be seen, etched in ocher, also the complete profile image of a seated elephant.

Friday, 11 March 2016

Portable Rock Art Human and Ape Face Profile impressions

Another portable rock art find of mine from my site, this time with a human head profile likeness and an ape face profile likeness. The human head impression has no textural detail but has some possible iron oxide (red ocher) staining, so maybe the impression was painted, the paint being long gone and a chemical reaction has caused the image to persist?

portable rock art, figure stone
A human face likeness, centered, faces right.

Portable rock art, figure stone
An ape face likeness, top right, faces right.

Monday, 7 March 2016

Stone age flint tool shows symbolic hominid face profiles

Yes, you guessed it, another prehistoric flint tool find from my site. This one has a few hominid face profiles, nothing unusual about that, but check out the shadow in the last picture. Another hominid like face profile can be seen, unintentionally captured in the photo. Whether the flint artist created this shadow image on purpose is unclear.  

figure stone portable rock art

portable rock art

figure stone, Pierre's figures, portable rock art

Stone age tool with elephant front leg symbology

Another prehistoric artifact from my site, again in the form of a cutting tool. An unknown fossil inclusion was used for some of the features and flake removal scaring can be seen to enhance the trunk feature. This prehistoric symbol is common in my flint tool finds, it can be seen in this chopping tool and also this flint blade tool.
portable rock art

figure stone

lithic implement

Wednesday, 24 February 2016

Another standing flint tool holds elephant impression

Another obvious flint cutting tool from my site, that also stands upright unaided. Unlike most of the materials from my site this one bares few glyphs, and they are subtle. 

A simplistic elephant likeness can be seen facing left, and a possible 'lucy' like head profile impression can be seen on the lower left facing downwards.  

Although the stone stands unaided, I used blu-tak here, as the tool wouldn't stand for long on the uneven spinning platform.

Below: Another worked stone from my site, this could also be used as a cutting tool. Two crude elephant head shapes can be seen, one facing left and one right, this can be used to describe the direction the animal is heading. As a side note the word Eolith comes from the Greek "eos", dawn, and "lithos", stone .

Tuesday, 23 February 2016

Human Skull and Dinosaur Flint Sculptures?

Another white stone from my site showing modification and some simple head profiles.

portable rock art
A human like skull shape can be seen facing left.  

figure stone
A slightly different angle of the skull shape.

The above right facing head profile is not to dissimilar to that of a well known dinosaur. 

From another angle the fossil feature in the suspected eye can be seen.